HOME PAGE
Chinese Dimensions
Order a copy
 Book Launch
 Book Cover
 Foreword
 Messages
 Introduction
 Content
CHAPTERS
 1. General
 2. Naming System
 3. Language
 4. Origin of Overseas Chinese
 5. History
 6. Literature
 7. Cultural aspects
 8. Ancient paradigms
 9. Pillars of destiny
 10. I-Ching
 Acknowledgement
  Publisher
TOPICS
  Chinese names
  Chinese Nostradamus
  Chinese profile
  Common Chinese surnames
  Congratulatory wordings
  Corrections
  Calendar segments
  Digital Era
  Family relationships
  Fengshui representation
  Fleet to the West
  Fonts
  Hakkas
  Hokkien
  Hong Kong
  Intonation
  Pictogram
  Poetry
  Proverbs
  Salutations
  Simplified Chinese
  Sunzi's Art of War
  Taboo
  Word Structure
  yin-yang
  Zodiac
ARTICLES
TALKS
 

THE OPIUM WAR AND HISTORY OF HONG KONG

In the 18th century the Portuguese discovered that huge profits could be made by selling opium from India to China, a relatively rich country. In 1750 the British colonised India through the East India Company (EIC). In 1773 the EIC obtained the exclusive trading agency in China and in 1797 the monopoly to purify opium from India.

 

The trade grew exponentially. In a period of 20 years (by 1800) the same silver bullion that had been shipped to China to purchase tea had been shipped back to Britain. Subsequently trade significantly drained the Chinese treasury. By 1839 opium became the largest export from India.

 

The Chinese demanded to end the drug trafficking was protested by the British, in the pretext of “A Violation of Free Trade”. To protect this lucrative “Free Trade” British declared war and sent gunboats to Canton in 1840. In 1842, this gun boat diplomacy ended with the treaty of Nanking, which forced open the enormous Chinese market, created new ports for trade, allowed Britain to demand a cash indemnity of $21 million, as well as the ceding of Hong Kong to Britain.

 

The return of Hong Kong to China in 1997 marked the end of major European colonisation in Asia. When Macao was also returned to China, every square inch of Asian soil is now ruled by Asians.

 

 

 Hong Kong: Reverted to China in 1997

More information could be found in Chapter five of the book

For more information please contact the author