It is important to address a person correctly, failing which
would result in unnecessary misunderstandings or
First of all it is important to identify the Surname and
Name, as the Chinese place their surname first, while
Westerners put their surname last.
A person is officially addressed by his or her surname, with
an appropriate title. Common titles include:
[xian sheng] Mrs.
Once you know the surname of the person you are about to
address, mention his or her surname first, followed by the
appropriate title. Mr. Chen is addressed as Chen Xiansheng.
Confusing the surname with the given name would be a
Other titles are associated with professions or job
designations. Mr. Wang, a teacher, is addressed as Wang
laoshi, while Mr. Wang, the Manager is addressed as Wang
jingli. As these are official titles it is important to
remember the personís status (often shown on the name card).
Hierarchy is important in countries such as China and you
risk ruffling feathers if a personís due respect is not paid
people are quite often addressed by their surname, followed
by their profession, job title, or status. A list of these
terms could be found in chapter seven. Some of them are
[dong shi zhang]
of a society, association
of a business
There are also
terms titles in China that denotes certain status or
hierarchy. They include
of an organisation